Conjugate Refrendar in Spanish: All Tense, Chart, Practice Test

spanish conjugation of refrendar
Mastering Spanish conjugation is crucial for anyone looking to become fluent in this widely spoken language. Among the myriad verbs that learners encounter is “refrendar,” a verb that plays an essential role in expressing the act of endorsing or ratifying. Understanding how to conjugate “refrendar” in Spanish is fundamental for students and professionals alike, as it frequently appears in legal, political, and everyday contexts. The ability to correctly conjugate verbs such as “refrendar” empowers learners to communicate more effectively and accurately.

Conjugation in Spanish can be complex due to its numerous tenses, moods, and the irregular forms certain verbs take. However, “refrendar” follows a relatively straightforward pattern that, once mastered, can significantly enhance your command of Spanish. This article aims to simplify the process of learning how to conjugate “refrendar” in Spanish, providing a clear guide that will facilitate the understanding and use of this verb in various contexts.

By diving into the specifics of “refrendar” conjugation, learners will gain the confidence to use this verb in conversation, writing, and formal communications. The ability to conjugate “refrendar” correctly opens up new avenues for expressing agreement, support, or certification in Spanish, thereby enriching the speaker’s or writer’s linguistic palette. This article serves as a stepping stone toward achieving greater proficiency and fluency in Spanish, making the journey of language learning both engaging and rewarding.

Refrendar Conjugation Chart in Spanish

Personal Pronoun Presente Pretérito Imperfecto Futuro Condicional Presente Subjuntivo Imperfecto Subjuntivo Imperativo
Yo refrendo refrendé refrendaba refrendaré refrendaría refrende refrendara o refrendase refrenda
refrendas refrendaste refrendabas refrendarás refrendarías refrendes refrendaras o refrendases refrenda
Él/Ella/Usted refrenda refrendó refrendaba refrendará refrendaría refrende refrendara o refrendase refrende
Nosotros refrendamos refrendamos refrendábamos refrendaremos refrendaríamos refrendemos refrendáramos o refrendásemos refrendemos
Vosotros refrendáis refrendasteis refrendabais refrendaréis refrendaríais refrendéis refrendarais o refrendaseis refrendad
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes refrendan refrendaron refrendaban refrendarán refrendarían refrenden refrendaran o refrendasen refrenden

Refrendar Conjugation Present Tense – Presente

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
Yo refrendo Yo refrendo mi pasaporte mañana. I am renewing my passport tomorrow.
refrendas ¿Tú refrendas tu licencia hoy? Are you renewing your license today?
Él/Ella refrenda Él refrenda su membresía anual. He is renewing his annual membership.
Nosotros/as refrendamos Nosotros refrendamos nuestro compromiso. We are renewing our commitment.
Vosotros/as refrendáis Vosotros refrendáis vuestro apoyo. You all are renewing your support.
Ellos/Ellas refrendan Ellos refrendan sus votos. They are renewing their vows.

Refrendar Conjugation Present Perfect Tense – Pretérito Perfecto Conjugation Chart

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
yo he refrendado Yo he refrendado el contrato. I have endorsed the contract.
has refrendado Tú has refrendado todos los documentos necesarios. You have endorsed all the necessary documents.
él/ella/usted ha refrendado Él ha refrendado su compromiso con el proyecto. He has endorsed his commitment to the project.
nosotros/as hemos refrendado Nosotros hemos refrendado nuestra amistad. We have endorsed our friendship.
vosotros/as habéis refrendado Vosotros habéis refrendado la decisión. You all have endorsed the decision.
ellos/ellas/ustedes han refrendado Ellos han refrendado los acuerdos internacionales. They have endorsed the international agreements.

Refrendar Conjugation Simple Paste Tense – Pretérito Indefinido

Here’s Refrendar conjugation preterite indefinido:

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
yo refrendé Yo refrendé el documento ayer. I endorsed the document yesterday.
refrendaste ¿Tú refrendaste tu pasaporte antes de viajar? Did you renew your passport before the trip?
él/ella/usted refrendó Ella refrendó su apoyo a la campaña. She renewed her support for the campaign.
nosotros/nosotras refrendamos Nosotros refrendamos nuestro compromiso con el proyecto. We reaffirmed our commitment to the project.
vosotros/vosotras refrendasteis Vosotros refrendasteis el contrato sin leerlo. You (plural) endorsed the contract without reading it.
ellos/ellas/ustedes refrendaron Ellos refrendaron los términos del acuerdo. They ratified the terms of the agreement.

Refrendar Imperfect Conjugation – Pretérito Imperfecto

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
refrenda Refrenda tu pasaporte. Endorse your passport.
usted refrende Refrende su contrato. Endorse your contract.
nosotros/as refrendemos Refrendemos nuestro apoyo. Let’s endorse our support.
vosotros/as refrendad Refrendad las licencias. Endorse the licenses.
ustedes refrenden Refrenden sus documentos. Endorse your documents.

Refrendar Conjugation Pluperfect/Past Perfect Tense – Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
yo había refrendado Yo había refrendado el contrato antes de irme. I had endorsed the contract before I left.
habías refrendado Tú habías refrendado la licencia antes de la fecha límite. You had endorsed the license before the deadline.
él/ella/usted había refrendado Él había refrendado el documento para validar su autenticidad. He had endorsed the document to validate its authenticity.
nosotros/nosotras habíamos refrendado Nosotros habíamos refrendado todos los acuerdos antes de la reunión. We had endorsed all the agreements before the meeting.
vosotros/vosotras habíais refrendado Vosotros habíais refrendado las peticiones del grupo. You had endorsed the group’s petitions.
ellos/ellas/ustedes habían refrendado Ellos habían refrendado las nuevas políticas antes de implementarlas. They had endorsed the new policies before implementing them.
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Refrendar Conjugation Simple Future Tense – Futuro Simple

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
yo refrendaré Yo refrendaré mi licencia mañana. I will renew my license tomorrow.
refrendarás Tú refrendarás el contrato sin demora. You will renew the contract without delay.
él/ella/usted refrendará Ella refrendará su compromiso con la empresa. She will renew her commitment to the company.
nosotros/nosotras refrendaremos Nosotros refrendaremos nuestro apoyo al proyecto. We will renew our support to the project.
vosotros/vosotras refrendaréis Vosotros refrendaréis vuestra suscripción anual. You all will renew your annual subscription.
ellos/ellas/ustedes refrendarán Ellos refrendarán su fe en sus ideales. They will renew their faith in their ideals.

Refrendar Spanish Conjugation Future Perfect Tense – Futuro Perfecto

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
yo habré refrendado Para mañana, yo habré refrendado el contrato. By tomorrow, I will have endorsed the contract.
habrás refrendado ¿Tú habrás refrendado tu pasaporte antes del viaje? Will you have renewed your passport before the trip?
él/ella habrá refrendado Él habrá refrendado su compromiso con la empresa. He will have renewed his commitment to the company.
nosotros habremos refrendado Nosotros habremos refrendado todas las licencias para junio. By June, we will have renewed all the licenses.
vosotros habréis refrendado Vosotros habréis refrendado el acuerdo antes de la reunión. You all will have endorsed the agreement before the meeting.
ellos/ellas habrán refrendado Ellos habrán refrendado sus votos para el aniversario. They will have renewed their vows for the anniversary.

Refrendar Conjugation Simple Conditional Tense – Condicional Simple

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
yo refrendaría Yo refrendaría el contrato. I would endorse the contract.
refrendarías Tú refrendarías la licencia. You would endorse the license.
él/ella/usted refrendaría Él refrendaría las reformas. He would endorse the reforms.
nosotros/nosotras refrendaríamos Nosotros refrendaríamos esos acuerdos. We would endorse those agreements.
vosotros/vosotras refrendaríais Vosotros refrendaríais el documento. You all would endorse the document.
ellos/ellas/ustedes refrendarían Ellos refrendarían la petición. They would endorse the petition.

Conjugate Refrendar in Spanish: Conditional Perfect Tense – Condicional Compuesto

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
yo habría refrendado Yo habría refrendado el documento si me lo hubieran pedido. I would have endorsed the document if they had asked me.
habrías refrendado Tú habrías refrendado tu apoyo a la causa con más tiempo. You would have reaffirmed your support for the cause with more time.
él/ella/usted habría refrendado Él habría refrendado la licencia de no ser por las restricciones. He would have renewed the license if not for the restrictions.
nosotros/nosotras habríamos refrendado Nosotros habríamos refrendado nuestra amistad con aquel viaje. We would have reaffirmed our friendship with that trip.
vosotros/vosotras habríais refrendado Vosotros habríais refrendado el acuerdo sin dudarlo. You all would have ratified the agreement without hesitation.
ellos/ellas/ustedes habrían refrendado Ellos habrían refrendado su compromiso con el proyecto. They would have reaffirmed their commitment to the project.

Refrendar Conjugation Imperative Tense – Imperativo

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
refrenda Refrenda tu pasaporte. Endorse your passport.
usted refrende Refrende su contrato. Endorse your contract.
nosotros/as refrendemos Refrendemos nuestro apoyo. Let’s endorse our support.
vosotros/as refrendad Refrendad las licencias. Endorse the licenses.
ustedes refrenden Refrenden sus documentos. Endorse your documents.

Refrendar Subjunctive Conjugation

Refrendar Subjunctive Conjugation Present Tense – Subjuntivo Presente

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
yo refrende Espero que yo refrende este documento hoy. I hope that I endorse this document today.
refrendes Quiero que tú refrendes el contrato. I want you to endorse the contract.
él/ella/usted refrende Es importante que él refrende la propuesta. It’s important that he endorses the proposal.
nosotros/nosotras refrendemos Esperamos que nosotros refrendemos la decisión. We hope that we endorse the decision.
vosotros/vosotras refrendéis Es necesario que vosotros refrendéis los cambios. It’s necessary that you all endorse the changes.
ellos/ellas/ustedes refrenden Es crucial que ellos refrenden el acuerdo. It’s crucial that they endorse the agreement.
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Refrendar Conjugation Present Perfect Subjunctive – Subjuntivo Pretérito Perfecto

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
yo haya refrendado Espero que yo haya refrendado mi documento a tiempo. I hope I have endorsed my document on time.
hayas refrendado Ojalá que tú hayas refrendado tu pasaporte antes de viajar. Hopefully, you have renewed your passport before traveling.
él/ella/usted haya refrendado Es importante que él haya refrendado su contrato. It’s important that he has renewed his contract.
nosotros/nosotras hayamos refrendado Esperamos que nosotros hayamos refrendado todos los acuerdos. We hope we have endorsed all the agreements.
vosotros/vosotras hayáis refrendado Quiero que vosotros hayáis refrendado las licencias. I want you to have renewed the licenses.
ellos/ellas/ustedes hayan refrendado Es necesario que ellos hayan refrendado sus votos. It’s necessary that they have reaffirmed their vows.

Refrendar Conjugation Imperfect Subjunctive – Subjuntivo Pretérito Imperfecto

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
yo refrendara Si yo refrendara el documento, sería oficial. If I endorsed the document, it would be official.
refrendaras Ojalá tú refrendaras esa propuesta. I wish you would endorse that proposal.
él/ella/usted refrendara Si él refrendara el contrato, empezaríamos mañana. If he endorsed the contract, we would start tomorrow.
nosotros/nosotras refrendáramos Si nosotros refrendáramos el acuerdo, se acabarían los problemas. If we endorsed the agreement, the problems would be over.
vosotros/vosotras refrendarais Si vosotros refrendarais los pasaportes, podríamos viajar. If you all endorsed the passports, we could travel.
ellos/ellas/ustedes refrendaran Ojalá que ellos refrendaran la ley pronto. I hope they endorse the law soon.

Refrendar Pluperfect Subjunctive Conjugation – Subjuntivo Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
yo hubiera refrendado Ojalá yo hubiera refrendado el documento a tiempo. I wish I had endorsed the document in time.
hubieras refrendado Si tú hubieras refrendado la solicitud, la habríamos procesado. If you had endorsed the application, we would have processed it.
él/ella/usted hubiera refrendado Ella esperaba que él hubiera refrendado el contrato. She hoped he had endorsed the contract.
nosotros/as hubiéramos refrendado Nosotros hubiéramos refrendado la decisión, pero faltaba información. We would have endorsed the decision, but information was missing.
vosotros/as hubierais refrendado ¿Por qué no hubierais refrendado la propuesta antes? Why hadn’t you endorsed the proposal earlier?
ellos/ellas/ustedes hubieran refrendado Ellos hubieran refrendado el acuerdo si hubieran tenido la oportunidad. They would have endorsed the agreement if they had had the chance.

Refrendar Conjugation Future Subjunctive – Subjuntivo Futuro

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
yo refrendare Si yo refrendare mi apoyo, espero ver cambios. If I were to endorse again, I hope to see changes.
refrendares Si tú refrendares tu posición, serás respetado. If you were to reaffirm your position, you would be respected.
él/ella refrendare Si él refrendare su contrato, seguirá con nosotros. If he were to renew his contract, he would continue with us.
nosotros refrendáremos Si nosotros refrendáremos el acuerdo, todo seguirá igual. If we were to renew the agreement, everything would continue the same.
vosotros refrendareis Si vosotros refrendareis vuestras intenciones, trabajaremos juntos. If you (plural) were to revalidate your intentions, we would work together.
ellos refrendaren Si ellos refrendaren el compromiso, evitaremos la crisis. If they were to reaffirm the commitment, we would avoid the crisis.

Practice Test For Conjugating Refrendar in Spanish

1. Yo __ el documento ayer.
A) refrendamos
B) refrendaste
C) refrendé
D) refrenda

  1. __ el contrato sin leerlo.
    A) refrenda
    B) refrendas
    C) refrendaste
    D) refrendó

  2. Él __ con su firma todo lo que le presentan.
    A) refrendaba
    B) refrenda
    C) refrendas
    D) refrendaron

  3. Nosotros __ nuestra lealtad al equipo cada temporada.
    A) refrendamos
    B) refrenda
    C) refrendaron
    D) refrendé

  4. Vosotros __ la política de la empresa sin objeciones.
    A) refrendasteis
    B) refrendábamos
    C) refrendamos
    D) refrendaban

  5. Ellos __ las licencias de forma regular.
    A) refrendan
    B) refrenda
    C) refrendaste
    D) refrendó

  6. Yo nunca __ ese tipo de comportamiento.
    A) refrendo
    B) refrendas
    C) refrendaba
    D) refrendamos

  7. Tú siempre __ las decisiones del comité.
    A) refrendas
    B) refrenda
    C) refrendará
    D) refrendaban

  8. María __ la carta de recomendación con mucho gusto.
    A) refrendó
    B) refrendaba
    C) refrendas
    D) refrendamos

  9. Nosotros __ el acuerdo antes de anunciarlo públicamente.
    A) refrendamos
    B) refrenda
    C) refrendarán
    D) refrendé

  10. Vosotras __ vuestra suscripción a la revista cada año.
    A) refrendáis
    B) refrendaba
    C) refrendo
    D) refrendan

  11. Ellos nunca __ las actas por falta de tiempo.
    A) refrendan
    B) refrendamos
    C) refrendaba
    D) refrendarían

  12. Si yo __ la propuesta, será un gran paso adelante.
    A) refrendo
    B) refrendara
    C) refrendé
    D) refrendará

  13. Si tú __ mi decisión, podríamos proceder más rápido.
    A) refrendaras
    B) refrendas
    C) refrenda
    D) refrendabas

  14. ¿Qué harías si él no __ tu opinión?
    A) refrenda
    B) refrendase
    C) refrendaba
    D) refrendara

  15. Nosotros __ con entusiasmo si nos convences.
    A) refrendaremos
    B) refrendamos
    C) refrendáramos
    D) refrendaríamos

  16. ¿Creéis que vosotros __ el proyecto si se presenta otra oportunidad?
    A) refrendaríais
    B) refrendáis
    C) refrendasteis
    D) refrendarais

  17. Ellos __ la nueva legislación tan pronto como sea posible.
    A) refrendarán
    B) refrendarían
    C) refrendaron
    D) refrendaban

  18. Yo __ mi apoyo si estuviera seguro de sus beneficios.
    A) refrendaría
    B) refrendo
    C) refrendara
    D) refrendaré

  19. __ la decisión antes si hubieras tenido toda la información.
    A) refrendabas
    B) refrendarías
    C) refrendaras
    D) refrendaste

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1. C) refrendé
2. C) refrendaste
3. B) refrenda
4. A) refrendamos
5. A) refrendasteis
6. A) refrendan
7. A) refrendo
8. A) refrendas
9. A) refrendó
10. A) refrendamos
11. A) refrendáis
12. A) refrendan
13. B) refrendara
14. A) refrendaras
15. D) refrendara
16. D) refrendaríamos
17. A) refrendaríais
18. A) refrendarán
19. A) refrendaría
20. B) refrendarías

This definitive guide on how to conjugate refrendar in Spanish is designed for learners at all levels. Whether you’re a beginner eager to master the basics or an advanced learner polishing your grammar, this article is tailored to cover every angle of refrendar conjugation. With a meticulous approach, we’ve distilled key insights into the most searched-for aspects of conjugating ‘refrendar,’ ensuring that no stone is left unturned.

In this comprehensive exploration, we delve into the refrendar conjugation present, where you’ll discover how to correctly use refrendar in the present tense, laying the foundation for expressing current actions and states. We then transition into the past with refrendar preterite and refrendar conjugation preterite, guiding you through the nuances of recounting completed actions. For those intricate narratives, refrendar preterite conjugation will sharpen your storytelling, ensuring you convey past events with accuracy.

Venturing into the subjunctive mood, our guide on refrendar subjunctive illuminates how to express desires, doubts, and hypotheticals with refrendar, adding depth to your conversations and writings. And for those looking to master every tense, our sections on refrendar conditional, refrendar imperative, and refrendar infinitive usage will refine your command of Spanish, enabling you to navigate future possibilities, give commands, and utilize refrendar in its most versatile form.

By weaving through these phrases, our article stands as a beacon for learners and educators alike, promising a well-rounded mastery of refrendar. So, whether you’re drafting an email, engaging in conversation, or penning a narrative, let this guide be your trusted companion in conquering the conjugation of “refrendar” across all its forms.

Final Words
Conjugating “refrendar” in Spanish is an essential skill for anyone looking to enhance their proficiency in the language. Understanding the nuances of this verb and how it transforms across different tenses enables learners to communicate more effectively, especially in formal and bureaucratic contexts where the concept of endorsement or ratification is common. Through mastering the conjugation of “refrendar,” students unlock a greater range of expression, expanding their ability to engage in more complex conversations and understandings in Spanish.

Furthermore, the exercise of conjugating “refrendar” enriches one’s grasp of Spanish verb conjugation rules, showcasing the patterns and irregularities that characterize the language’s verbal system. It presents an opportunity not only to learn a specific verb but also to deepen one’s overall linguistic competence. The knowledge gained from this process strengthens the foundation upon which learners can build more advanced language skills, facilitating a smoother transition to higher levels of fluency.

In conclusion, the ability to conjugate “refrendar” in Spanish is more than just an academic exercise; it is a stepping stone towards achieving linguistic proficiency and cultural understanding. As learners navigate through the complexities of this verb, they also journey closer to a fuller, more nuanced command of the Spanish language. Hence, embracing the challenge of mastering such conjugations is a commendable endeavor for anyone committed to language learning.

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