Conjugate Cavar in Spanish: All Tense, Chart, Practice Test

spanish conjugation of cavar
Conjugating verbs in Spanish is a fundamental skill for anyone learning the language, as it enables clear and effective communication. Among the myriad of verbs, “cavar,” which means “to dig,” is particularly useful in various contexts, from gardening to discussing historical excavations. Understanding how to conjugate “cavar” in Spanish is essential for students and professionals alike, as it can significantly enrich one’s vocabulary and enhance descriptive abilities in conversation, writing, and professional discourse.

The process of conjugation modifies the verb to indicate the time of action, who is performing the action, and its relation to other elements in the sentence. Given the diversity of Spanish-speaking cultures, mastering this process with verbs like “cavar” not only boosts linguistic proficiency but also cultural understanding. Exploring how to conjugate “cavar” in Spanish provides insights into regular and irregular verb patterns, offering a window into the intricacies of the language that is both fascinating and intellectually rewarding.

For beginners and advanced learners, tackling the conjugation of “cavar” represents an opportunity to solidify their grasp of Spanish verb tenses and agreements. As we delve deeper into how to conjugate “cavar” in Spanish, the learners can expect an engaging journey through the language’s structure, enhancing both their spoken and written capabilities. Engaging with this verb, in particular, encourages a hands-on approach to mastering Spanish, pushing learners towards fluency with confidence and ease.

Cavar Conjugation Chart in Spanish

Below is the Spanish conjugation table for the verb cavar following the requested format.

Personal Pronoun Presente Pretérito Imperfecto Futuro Condicional Presente Subjuntivo Imperfecto Subjuntivo Imperativo
Yo cavo cavé cavaba cavaré cavaría cave cavara o cavase cava
cavas cavaste cavabas cavarás cavarías caves cavaras o cavases cava
Él/Ella/Usted cava cavó cavaba cavará cavaría cave cavara o cavase cave
Nosotros cavamos cavamos cavábamos cavaremos cavaríamos cavemos caváramos o cavásemos cavemos
Vosotros caváis cavasteis cavabais cavaréis cavaríais cavéis cavarais o cavaseis cavad
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes cavan cavaron cavaban cavarán cavarían caven cavaran o cavasen caven

Please note that in some regions, particularly in Latin America, the “vosotros” forms are replaced with “ustedes,” which uses the same conjugation as “ellos/ellas.”

Cavar Conjugation Present Tense – Presente

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
Yo cavo Yo cavo un agujero. I dig a hole.
cavas Tú cavas en el jardín. You dig in the garden.
Él/Ella cava Él cava para encontrar agua. He digs to find water.
Nosotros/as cavamos Nosotros cavamos un túnel. We dig a tunnel.
Vosotros/as caváis Vosotros caváis en la arena. You all dig in the sand.
Ellos/Ellas cavan Ellos cavan en búsqueda de tesoros. They dig in search of treasures.

Cavar Conjugation Present Perfect Tense – Pretérito Perfecto Conjugation Chart

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
yo he cavado Yo he cavado un hoyo. I have dug a hole.
has cavado Tú has cavado en la arena. You have dug in the sand.
él/ella ha cavado Él ha cavado hasta encontrar agua. He has dug until he found water.
nosotros hemos cavado Nosotros hemos cavado un túnel. We have dug a tunnel.
vosotros habéis cavado Vosotros habéis cavado demasiado. You have dug too much.
ellos han cavado Ellos han cavado en busca de tesoros. They have dug in search of treasures.

Cavar Conjugation Simple Paste Tense – Pretérito Indefinido

Here’s Cavar conjugation preterite indefinido:

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
yo cavé Yo cavé un hoyo en el jardín. I dug a hole in the garden.
cavaste Tú cavaste hasta encontrar agua. You dug until finding water.
él/ella/usted cavó Él cavó en busca de tesoros. He dug in search of treasures.
nosotros/nosotras cavamos Nosotros cavamos un túnel secreto. We dug a secret tunnel.
vosotros/vosotras cavasteis Vosotros cavasteis rápido. You guys dug quickly.
ellos/ellas/ustedes cavaron Ellos cavaron un pozo profundo. They dug a deep well.

Cavar Imperfect Conjugation – Pretérito Imperfecto

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
cava Cava un hoyo aquí. Dig a hole here.
usted cave Cave un pozo en el jardín. Dig a well in the garden.
vosotros cavad Cavad una zanja para las plantas. Dig a trench for the plants.
ustedes caven Caven una fosa para la piscina. Dig a pit for the pool.

Cavar Conjugation Pluperfect/Past Perfect Tense – Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
yo había cavado Yo ya había cavado un hoyo para la planta. I had already dug a hole for the plant.
habías cavado Tú ya habías cavado suficiente para el día. You had already dug enough for the day.
él/ella había cavado Él había cavado un túnel secreto. He had dug a secret tunnel.
nosotros habíamos cavado Nosotros ya habíamos cavado la mitad del jardín. We had already dug half of the garden.
vosotros habíais cavado Vosotros habíais cavado en el lugar equivocado. You had dug in the wrong place.
ellos/ellas habían cavado Ellos ya habían cavado la fosa para el fuego. They had already dug the fire pit.
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Cavar Conjugation Simple Future Tense – Futuro Simple

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
yo cavaré Yo cavaré un hoyo en el jardín. I will dig a hole in the garden.
cavarás Tú cavarás un túnel secreto. You will dig a secret tunnel.
él/ella/usted cavará Él cavará un pozo para el agua. He will dig a well for water.
nosotros/as cavaremos Nosotros cavaremos un lecho para el río. We will dig a bed for the river.
vosotros/as cavaréis Vosotros cavaréis un agujero para la planta. You will dig a hole for the plant.
ellos/ellas/ustedes cavarán Ellos cavarán un zanja para proteger el castillo. They will dig a moat to protect the castle.

Cavar Spanish Conjugation Future Perfect Tense – Futuro Perfecto

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
yo habré cavado Para mañana, yo habré cavado el hoyo. By tomorrow, I will have dug the hole.
habrás cavado Para el próximo año, tú habrás cavado tu camino al éxito. By next year, you will have dug your way to success.
él/ella/usted habrá cavado Para fin de mes, él habrá cavado suficiente para plantar el jardín. By the end of the month, he will have dug enough to plant the garden.
nosotros/as habremos cavado Para la primavera, nosotros habremos cavado los cimientos de la casa. By spring, we will have dug the foundations of the house.
vosotros/as habréis cavado Para la fiesta, vosotros ya habréis cavado la piscina. By the party, you all will have dug the pool.
ellos/ellas/ustedes habrán cavado Para el amanecer, ellos habrán cavado un refugio seguro. By dawn, they will have dug a safe shelter.

Cavar Conjugation Simple Conditional Tense – Condicional Simple

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
yo cavaría Yo cavaría un agujero para plantar. I would dig a hole to plant.
cavarías Tú cavarías más rápido si tuvieras una mejor pala. You would dig faster if you had a better shovel.
él/ella/usted cavaría Él cavaría un jardín en el patio trasero. He would dig a garden in the backyard.
nosotros/as cavaríamos Nosotros cavaríamos un pozo si fuera necesario. We would dig a well if it were necessary.
vosotros/as cavaríais Vosotros cavaríais hasta encontrar agua. You all would dig until you found water.
ellos/ellas/ustedes cavarían Ellos cavarían toda la noche si prometes pagarles. They would dig all night if you promise to pay them.

Conjugate Cavar in Spanish: Conditional Perfect Tense – Condicional Compuesto

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
yo habría cavado Yo habría cavado un hoyo para plantar el árbol. I would have dug a hole to plant the tree.
habrías cavado Tú habrías cavado más rápido con una pala nueva. You would have dug faster with a new shovel.
él/ella habría cavado Él habría cavado hasta encontrar el tesoro. He would have dug until he found the treasure.
nosotros habríamos cavado Nosotros habríamos cavado un pozo en el jardín. We would have dug a well in the garden.
vosotros habríais cavado Vosotros habríais cavado más profundo. You all would have dug deeper.
ellos habrían cavado Ellos habrían cavado toda la noche si hubiera luna. They would have dug all night if there had been a moon.

Cavar Conjugation Imperative Tense – Imperativo

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
cava Cava un hoyo aquí. Dig a hole here.
usted cave Cave un pozo en el jardín. Dig a well in the garden.
vosotros cavad Cavad una zanja para las plantas. Dig a trench for the plants.
ustedes caven Caven una fosa para la piscina. Dig a pit for the pool.

Cavar Subjunctive Conjugation

Cavar Subjunctive Conjugation Present Tense – Subjuntivo Presente

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
yo cave Espero que yo cave un hoyo. I hope that I dig a hole.
caves Quiero que tú caves un túnel. I want you to dig a tunnel.
él/ella/usted cave Es posible que él cave profundo. It’s possible that he digs deep.
nosotros/nosotras cavemos Espero que cavemos hasta encontrar agua. I hope we dig until we find water.
vosotros/vosotras cavéis Sugiero que cavéis en el jardín. I suggest you dig in the garden.
ellos/ellas/ustedes caven Necesito que ellos caven rápido. I need them to dig fast.
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Cavar Conjugation Present Perfect Subjunctive – Subjuntivo Pretérito Perfecto

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
yo haya cavado Espero que yo haya cavado el hoyo. I hope I have dug the hole.
hayas cavado Dudo que tú hayas cavado tan profundo. I doubt you have dug so deep.
él/ella/usted haya cavado Es posible que él haya cavado hasta el amanecer. It’s possible he has dug until dawn.
nosotros/nosotras hayamos cavado No parece que nosotros hayamos cavado suficiente. It seems we haven’t dug enough.
vosotros/vosotras hayáis cavado ¿Creéis que vosotros hayáis cavado lo suficiente? Do you believe you have dug enough?
ellos/ellas/ustedes hayan cavado No creo que ellos hayan cavado el jardín. I don’t believe they have dug the garden.

Cavar Conjugation Imperfect Subjunctive – Subjuntivo Pretérito Imperfecto

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
yo cavara Si yo cavara un pozo, tendríamos agua. If I dug a well, we would have water.
cavaras Ojalá tú cavaras en el lugar correcto. I wish you dug in the right place.
él/ella/usted cavara Esperaba que él cavara más rápido. I hoped that he would dig faster.
nosotros/nosotras caváramos Nos pidieron que caváramos juntos. They asked us to dig together.
vosotros/vosotras cavarais Si vosotros cavarais, ayudaría. If you all dug, it would help.
ellos/ellas/ustedes cavaran Querían que ellos cavaran un hoyo. They wanted them to dig a hole.

Cavar Pluperfect Subjunctive Conjugation – Subjuntivo Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
yo hubiera cavado Si yo hubiera cavado el hoyo, lo habríamos hecho más profundo. If I had dug the hole, we would have made it deeper.
hubieras cavado ¿Y si tú hubieras cavado en otro lugar? What if you had dug somewhere else?
él/ella/usted hubiera cavado Si él hubiera cavado más, habría encontrado el tesoro. If he had dug deeper, he would have found the treasure.
nosotros/nosotras hubiéramos cavado Si nosotros hubiéramos cavado más rápido, habríamos terminado antes. If we had dug faster, we would have finished sooner.
vosotros/vosotras hubierais cavado Si vosotros hubierais cavado en la montaña, habríais descubierto la cueva. If you all had dug on the mountain, you would have discovered the cave.
ellos/ellas/ustedes hubieran cavado Si ellos hubieran cavado otro metro, habrían encontrado agua. If they had dug another meter, they would have found water.

Cavar Conjugation Future Subjunctive – Subjuntivo Futuro

Pronoun Conjugation Example Sentence English Meaning
Yo cavare Cuando yo cavare el jardín, plantaré mis flores favoritas. When I dig the garden, I will plant my favorite flowers.
cavares Si tú cavares más profundo, encontrarás agua. If you dig deeper, you will find water.
Él/Ella cavare Espero que él cavare un pozo para el pueblo. I hope he digs a well for the village.
Nosotros caváremos Cuando nosotros caváremos el terreno, empezaremos a construir. When we dig the ground, we will start building.
Vosotros cavareis Si vosotros cavareis el sitio adecuado, descubriréis el tesoro. If you dig the right site, you will discover the treasure.
Ellos cavaren Ojalá ellos cavaren en la montaña y hallen minerales. I wish they dig into the mountain and find minerals.

Practice Test For Conjugating Cavar in Spanish

1. Yo __ un agujero para plantar un árbol.
A) cavo
B) cavas
C) cavamos
D) cavan

  1. __ en el jardín para encontrar el tesoro.
    A) cavo
    B) cavas
    C) cavamos
    D) cavan

  2. Él __ un pozo en busca de agua.
    A) cavo
    B) cavas
    C) cavamos
    D) cava

  3. Nosotros __ una zanja para desviar el agua de lluvia.
    A) cavo
    B) cavas
    C) cavamos
    D) cavan

  4. Vosotros __ huecos para los postes de la cerca.
    A) cavo
    B) cavas
    C) caváis
    D) cavan

  5. Ellos __ un túnel secreto.
    A) cavo
    B) cavas
    C) cavamos
    D) cavan

  6. Yo __ todos los sábados en mi huerto.
    A) cavo
    B) cavas
    C) cavamos
    D) cavan

  7. __ muy profundo; ya puedes detenerte.
    A) cavo
    B) cavas
    C) cavamos
    D) cavan

  8. Ella __ con cuidado para no dañar las raíces.
    A) cavo
    B) cavas
    C) cavamos
    D) cava

  9. Nosotros no __ en áreas protegidas.
    A) cavo
    B) cavas
    C) cavamos
    D) cavan

  10. Vosotras __ un hoyo para la fogata.
    A) cavo
    B) cavas
    C) caváis
    D) cavan

  11. Ellos nunca __ cerca de la orilla del río.
    A) cavo
    B) cavas
    C) cavamos
    D) cavan

  12. Yo ___ en estos momentos.
    A) cavé
    B) cavo
    C) cavaba
    D) cavaré

  13. ___ el año pasado en el jardín del abuelo.
    A) cavaste
    B) cavabas
    C) cavarás
    D) cavas

  14. Él ___ la fosa para el animalito ayer.
    A) cavó
    B) cava
    C) cavaba
    D) cavaría

  15. Nosotros ___ para el árbol de navidad mañana.
    A) cavamos
    B) cavábamos
    C) cavaríamos
    D) cavaremos

  16. Vosotros ___ antes de que llegáramos.
    A) cavaréis
    B) cavasteis
    C) cavabais
    D) cavaste

  17. Ellos ___ si encuentran la herramienta adecuada.
    A) cavan
    B) cavaban
    C) cavarán
    D) cavaron

  18. Yo ___ si tuviera tiempo.
    A) cavo
    B) cavaría
    C) cavaré
    D) cavé

  19. ___ con nosotros este fin de semana?
    A) cavarás
    B) cavaste
    C) cavabas
    D) cavas

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1. A) cavo
2. B) cavas
3. D) cava
4. C) cavamos
5. C) caváis
6. D) cavan
7. A) cavo
8. B) cavas
9. D) cava
10. C) cavamos
11. C) caváis
12. D) cavan
13. C) cavaba
14. A) cavaste
15. A) cavó
16. D) cavaremos
17. B) cavasteis
18. C) cavarán
19. B) cavaría
20. A) cavarás

This definitive guide on how to conjugate cavar in Spanish is designed for learners at all levels. Whether you’re a beginner eager to master the basics or an advanced learner polishing your grammar, this article is tailored to cover every angle of cavar conjugation. With a meticulous approach, we’ve distilled key insights into the most searched-for aspects of conjugating ‘cavar,’ ensuring that no stone is left unturned.

In this comprehensive exploration, we delve into the cavar conjugation present, where you’ll discover how to correctly use cavar in the present tense, laying the foundation for expressing current actions and states. We then transition into the past with cavar preterite and cavar conjugation preterite, guiding you through the nuances of recounting completed actions. For those intricate narratives, cavar preterite conjugation will sharpen your storytelling, ensuring you convey past events with accuracy.

Venturing into the subjunctive mood, our guide on cavar subjunctive illuminates how to express desires, doubts, and hypotheticals with cavar, adding depth to your conversations and writings. And for those looking to master every tense, our sections on cavar conditional, cavar imperative, and cavar infinitive usage will refine your command of Spanish, enabling you to navigate future possibilities, give commands, and utilize cavar in its most versatile form.

By weaving through these phrases, our article stands as a beacon for learners and educators alike, promising a well-rounded mastery of cavar. So, whether you’re drafting an email, engaging in conversation, or penning a narrative, let this guide be your trusted companion in conquering the conjugation of “cavar” across all its forms.

Final Words
Conjugating “cavar” in Spanish is an essential skill for learners aiming to master the nuances of this rich language. The verb “cavar” plays a pivotal role in everyday communication, particularly when discussing digging or excavation-related topics. Understanding how to correctly conjugate this verb across different tenses enhances one’s ability to articulate thoughts more precisely and comprehend conversations or texts that delve into such subjects.

The process of learning how to conjugate “cavar” in Spanish serves as a valuable stepping stone in the journey towards fluency. It not only broadens one’s vocabulary but also deepens understanding of grammatical structures, enabling more complex and varied expressions. This, in turn, significantly improves both verbal and written communication skills in Spanish, allowing for more engaging and meaningful interactions with native speakers.

In conclusion, mastering the conjugation of “cavar” unlocks new dimensions of expression within the Spanish language. It enriches one’s linguistic toolkit, providing the means to converse more effectively about a variety of topics. As learners incorporate this verb into their repertoire, they inch closer to achieving proficiency, appreciating the beauty and depth of Spanish in all its facets.

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